AnasayfaAramaKayıt OlGiriş yap
Sitemizde çalan müziği değiştirmek senin elinde söyle istediğin şarkıyı 1 hafta onu çalalım...Sitemizin en altındaki Soru ve Görüşleriniz kısmındaki Müzik istek hattı adlı konuya bir mesaj atmanız yeterli... ...Sitemiz 3 Yaşında...Bilge Kaan ÖZKAN'ın sahip olduğu internet sitesi Gench Takımı'na hoşgeldiniz!!Sitemizin Admin'i Bilge Kaan ÖZKAN'ın bizzat kendisinin yaptığı Grafite,Zapotocny,Kewell röportajlarına sitemizin röportaj bölümünden ulaşabilirsiniz!Ayrıca sitemizin moderatör alımları başlamıştır.Moderatör olmak isteyen üyelerimiz sitemizin en altındaki Soru ve Görüşleriniz kısmına mesaj bırakabilirler...Sitemizde iyi vakit geçirmeniz dileğiyle...Wink
Turkcell Süper Lig ve diğer liglerin maçlarını izlemek için lütfen sitemize üye olunuz!!!
Similar topics

Paylaş | 
 

 Papua New Guinea(PAPUA YENİ GİNE)

Önceki başlık Sonraki başlık Aşağa gitmek 
YazarMesaj
Admin
Admin
Admin


Paylaşım :
999 / 999999 / 999

Çalışkanlık :
999 / 999999 / 999

Aktiflik :
999 / 999999 / 999

Ülke :
Erkek
Mesaj Sayısı : 19477
Yaş : 24
Nerden : BURSA
İş/Hobiler : Spor yapmak
Lakap : Opet - Bill Gates - Abdül - Feyk
Ruh Hali :
Takımı :
Rep Gücü : 2147483647
Kayıt tarihi : 31/07/08

MesajKonu: Papua New Guinea(PAPUA YENİ GİNE)   C.tesi Nis. 04, 2009 11:28 am

The eastern half of the island of New Guinea - second largest in the world - was divided between Germany (north) and the UK (south) in 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia in 1902, which occupied the northern portion during World War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence in 1975. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended in 1997 after claiming some 20,000 lives.
Sayfa başına dön Aşağa gitmek
http://genchtakimi.hareketforum.com
Admin
Admin
Admin


Paylaşım :
999 / 999999 / 999

Çalışkanlık :
999 / 999999 / 999

Aktiflik :
999 / 999999 / 999

Ülke :
Erkek
Mesaj Sayısı : 19477
Yaş : 24
Nerden : BURSA
İş/Hobiler : Spor yapmak
Lakap : Opet - Bill Gates - Abdül - Feyk
Ruh Hali :
Takımı :
Rep Gücü : 2147483647
Kayıt tarihi : 31/07/08

MesajKonu: Geri: Papua New Guinea(PAPUA YENİ GİNE)   C.tesi Nis. 04, 2009 11:28 am

Geography
Shares island of New Guinea with Indonesia; one of world's largest swamps along southwest coast.
Location: Oceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia
Geographic coordinates: 6 00 S, 147 00 E
Area: total: 462,840 sq km
land: 452,860 sq km
water: 9,980 sq km
Size comparison: slightly larger than California

Land Boundaries: total: 820 km
border countries: Indonesia 820 km
Coastline: 5,152 km
Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate: tropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October); slight seasonal temperature variation
Terrain: mostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m
Natural resources: gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries
Land use: arable land: 0.49%
permanent crops: 1.4%
other: 98.11% (2005)
Irrigated land: NA
Natural hazards: active volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Ring of Fire"; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mud slides; tsunamis
Current Environment Issues: rain forest subject to deforestation as a result of growing commercial demand for tropical timber; pollution from mining projects; severe drought
International Environment Agreements: party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
^Back to Top
People
Population: 5,931,769 (July 2008 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 37.3% (male 1,124,174/female 1,086,478)
15-64 years: 58.7% (male 1,791,342/female 1,690,089)
65 years and over: 4% (male 111,023/female 128,663) (2008 est.)
Median age: total: 21.5 years
male: 21.6 years
female: 21.4 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate: 2.118% (2008 est.)
Birth rate: 28.14 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate: 6.96 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate: NA (2008 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 46.67 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 50.68 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 42.47 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 66 years
male: 63.76 years
female: 68.35 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate: 3.71 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.6% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 60,000 (2005 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 600 (2003 est.)
Nationality: noun: Papua New Guinean(s)
adjective: Papua New Guinean
Ethnic groups: Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
Religions: Roman Catholic 27%, Evangelical Lutheran 19.5%, United Church 11.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10%, Pentecostal 8.6%, Evangelical Alliance 5.2%, Anglican 3.2%, Baptist 2.5%, other Protestant 8.9%, Bahai 0.3%, indigenous beliefs and other 3.3% (2000 census)
Languages: Melanesian Pidgin serves as the lingua franca, English spoken by 1%-2%, Motu spoken in Papua region note: 820 indigenous languages spoken (over one-tenth of the world's total)
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 57.3%
male: 63.4%
female: 50.9% (2000 census)
^Back to Top
Government
Country name: conventional long form: Independent State of Papua New Guinea
conventional short form: Papua New Guinea
local short form: Papuaniugini
former: Territory of Papua and New Guinea
abbreviation: PNG
Government type: constitutional parliamentary democracy
Capital: name: Port Moresby
geographic coordinates: 9 30 S, 147 10 E
time difference: UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: 20 provinces; Bougainville (autonomous region), Central, Chimbu, Eastern Highlands, East New Britain, East Sepik, Enga, Gulf, Madang, Manus, Milne Bay, Morobe, National Capital, New Ireland, Northern, Sandaun, Southern Highlands, Western, Western Highlands, West New Britain
Independence: 16 September 1975 (from the Australian-administered UN trusteeship)
National holiday: Independence Day, 16 September (1975)
Constitution: 16 September 1975
Legal system: based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by governor general Sir Paulius MATANE (since 29 June 2004)
head of government: Prime Minister Sir Michael SOMARE (since 2 August 2002); Deputy Prime Minister Puka TEMU (since 29 August 2007)
cabinet: National Executive Council appointed by governor general on recommendation of prime minister
elections: the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is nominated by parliament and appointed by the chief of state; following legislative elections, usually the leader of the majority party or leader of the majority coalition is appointed prime minister by the governor general acting in accordance with a decison of the parliament
Legislative branch: unicameral National Parliament (109 seats, 89 filled from open electorates and 20 from provinces and national capital district; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); constitution allows up to 126 seats
elections: last held from 30 June to 10 July 2007; next to be held in June 2012
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - National Alliance 27, PNGP 8, PAP 6, URP 6, PANGU 5, PDM 5, independents 19, others 33; note - election to 1 seat was nullified
note: 15 other parties won 4 or fewer seats; association with political parties is fluid
Judicial branch: Supreme Court (the chief justice is appointed by the governor general on the proposal of the National Executive Council after consultation with the minister responsible for justice; other judges are appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission)
Political parties and leaders: National Alliance Party or NA [Michael SOMARE]; Papua and Niugini Union Party or PANGU PATI [Andrew KUMBAKOR]; Papua New Guinea Party or PNGP [Sir Mekere MORAUTA]; People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Michael OGIO]; People's Action Party or PAP [Gabriel KAPRIS]; United Resources Party or URP [William DUMA] (2007)
Political pressure groups and leaders: Ahora [Andrew MAMOKO] (represents local tribes); Centre for Environment Law and Community Rights or Celcor [Damien ASE]; Community Coalition Against Corruption
International organization participation: ACP, ADB, APEC, ARF, ASEAN (observer), C, CP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Evan Jeremy PAKI
chancery: 1779 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Suite 805, Washington, DC 20036
telephone: [1] (202) 745-3680
FAX: [1] (202) 745-3679
Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Leslie V. ROWE
embassy: Douglas Street, Port Moresby, N.C.D.
mailing address: 4240 Port Moresby PI, US Department of State, Washington DC 20521-4240
telephone: [675] 321-1455
FAX: [675] 321-3423
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by governor general Sir Paulius MATANE (since 29 June 2004) head of government: Prime Minister Sir Michael SOMARE (since 2 August 2002); Deputy Prime Minister Puka TEMU (since 29 August 2007) cabinet: National Executive Council appointed by governor general on recommendation of prime minister elections: the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is nominated by parliament and appointed by the chief of state; following legislative elections, usually the leader of the majority party or leader of the majority coalition is appointed prime minister by the governor general acting in accordance with a decison of the parliament
Sayfa başına dön Aşağa gitmek
http://genchtakimi.hareketforum.com
Admin
Admin
Admin


Paylaşım :
999 / 999999 / 999

Çalışkanlık :
999 / 999999 / 999

Aktiflik :
999 / 999999 / 999

Ülke :
Erkek
Mesaj Sayısı : 19477
Yaş : 24
Nerden : BURSA
İş/Hobiler : Spor yapmak
Lakap : Opet - Bill Gates - Abdül - Feyk
Ruh Hali :
Takımı :
Rep Gücü : 2147483647
Kayıt tarihi : 31/07/08

MesajKonu: Geri: Papua New Guinea(PAPUA YENİ GİNE)   C.tesi Nis. 04, 2009 11:28 am

Economy
Papua New Guinea is richly endowed with natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by rugged terrain and the high cost of developing infrastructure. Agriculture provides a subsistence livelihood for 85% of the population. Mineral deposits, including copper, gold, and oil, account for nearly two-thirds of export earnings. The government of Prime Minister SOMARE has expended much of its energy remaining in power. He was the first prime minister ever to serve a full five-year term. The government also brought stability to the national budget, largely through expenditure control; however, it relaxed spending constraints in 2006 and 2007 as elections approached. Numerous challenges still face the government including regaining investor confidence, restoring integrity to state institutions, promoting economic efficiency by privatizing moribund state institutions, and balancing relations with Australia, its former colonial ruler. Other socio-cultural challenges could upend the economy including a worsening HIV/AIDS epidemic and chronic law and order and land tenure issues. Australia supplied more than $300 million in aid in FY07/08, which accounts for nearly 20% of the national budget.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $13.36 billion (2008 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $6.363 billion (2008 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 6.3% (2008 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,300 (2008 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 32.8%
industry: 36.5%
services: 30.6% (2008 est.)
Labor force: 3.639 million (2008 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 85%
industry: NA%
services: NA% (2005 est.)
Unemployment rate: 1.9% up to 80% in urban areas (2004)
Population below poverty line: 37% (2002 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 1.7%
highest 10%: 40.5% (1996)
Distribution of family income - Gini index: 50.9 (1996)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 8.8% (2008 est.)
Investment (gross fixed): 19.9% of GDP (2008 est.)
Budget: revenues: $3.098 billion
expenditures: $2.949 billion (2008 est.)
Public debt: 34% of GDP (2008 est.)
Agriculture - products:
Industries: copra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production; mining of gold, silver, and copper; crude oil production, petroleum refining; construction, tourism
Industrial production growth rate:
Electricity - production: 2.875 billion kWh (2006 est.)
Electricity - consumption: 2.674 billion kWh (2006 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2007 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2007 est.)
Oil - production: 42,100 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Oil - consumption: 29,050 bbl/day (2006 est.)
Oil - exports: 39,310 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - imports: 24,150 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - proved reserves: 88 million bbl (1 January 2008 est.)
Natural gas - production: 140 million cu m (2006 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 140 million cu m (2006 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 226.5 billion cu m (1 January 2008 est.)
Current account balance: $438 million (2008 est.)
Exports: $5.658 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.)
Exports - commodities: oil, gold, copper ore, logs, palm oil, coffee, cocoa, crayfish, prawns
Exports - partners: Australia 27.3%, Japan 9.5%, China 5.7% (2007)
Imports: $3.013 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.)
Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, fuels, chemicals
Imports - partners: Australia 51.3%, Singapore 11.6%, China 7.9%, Japan 5.7% (2007)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $2.548 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
Debt - external: $1.582 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home: $NA
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad: $NA
Market value of publicly traded shares: $4.863 billion (2005)
Currency (code): kina (PGK)
Exchange rates: kina (PGK) per US dollar - 2.6956 (2008 est.), 3.03 (2007), 3.0643 (2006), 3.08 (2005), 3.2225 (2004)
Fiscal year: calendar year
^Back to Top
Communications
Telephones in use: 60,000 (2007)
Cellular Phones in use: 300,000 (2007)
Telephone system: general assessment: services are minimal; facilities provide radiotelephone and telegraph, coastal radio, aeronautical radio, and international radio communication services
domestic: access to telephone services is not widely available; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity is 6 per 100 persons
international: country code - 675; submarine cables to Australia and Guam; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean); international radio communication service (2007)
Radio broadcast stations: AM 8, FM 19, shortwave 28 (1998)
Television broadcast stations: 3 (all in the Port Moresby area; stations at Mt. Hagen, Goroka, Lae, and Rabaul are planned) (2004)
Internet country code: .pg
Internet hosts: 3,422 (2008)
Internet users: 110,000 (2006)
^Back to Top
Transportation
Airports: 578 (2007)
Airports (paved runways): total: 21
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 14
914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Airports (unpaved runways): total: 557
1,524 to 2,437 m: 10
914 to 1,523 m: 58
under 914 m: 489 (2007)
Heliports: 2 (2007)
Pipelines: oil 264 km (2007)
Roadways: total: 19,600 km
paved: 686 km
unpaved: 18,914 km (2000)
Waterways: 11,000 km (2006)
Merchant marine: total: 21
by type: bulk carrier 2, cargo 17, petroleum tanker 2
foreign-owned: 6 (UAE 6) (2008)
Ports and terminals: Kimbe, Lae, Madang, Rabaul, Wewak
^Back to Top
Military

Military branches: Papua New Guinea Defense Force (PNGDF; includes Maritime Operations Element, Air Operations Element) (2009)
Military service age and obligation: 16 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Manpower available for military service: males age 16-49: 1,481,417
females age 16-49: 1,385,040 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 1,080,466
females age 16-49: 1,092,040 (2008 est.)
Sayfa başına dön Aşağa gitmek
http://genchtakimi.hareketforum.com
Sponsored content




MesajKonu: Geri: Papua New Guinea(PAPUA YENİ GİNE)   Bugün 9:52 am

Sayfa başına dön Aşağa gitmek
 
Papua New Guinea(PAPUA YENİ GİNE)
Önceki başlık Sonraki başlık Sayfa başına dön 
1 sayfadaki 1 sayfası
 Similar topics
-
» WWE NXT'nin YENİ BÖLÜMLERİ EKLEMİŞTİR:

Bu forumun müsaadesi var:Bu forumdaki mesajlara cevap veremezsiniz
 :: Ülkeler Coğrafyası(Country about...) :: Ülkeler Coğrafyası(Ülkeler Hakkında Bilgiler)-
Buraya geçin: